Athletes Roles and Responsibilities as outlined in the National Anti-Doping Organization (NADO) Anti-Doping Rules:

  1. To be knowledgeable of and comply with the Anti-Doping Rules.
  2. To be available for Sample collection at all times.
  3. To take responsibility, in the context of anti-doping, for what they ingest and Use.
  4. To inform medical personnel of their obligation not to Use Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods and to take responsibility to make sure that any medical treatment received does not violate these Anti-Doping Rules.
  5. To disclose to the NADO and their International Federation any decision by a non-Signatory finding that the Athlete committed an anti-doping rule violation within the previous ten (10) years.
  6. To cooperate with Anti-Doping Organizations investigating anti-doping rule violations.
  7. To disclose the identity of their Athlete Support Personnel upon request by NADO or a National Federation, or any other Anti-Doping Organization with authority over the Athlete.


Athletes have the following rights and responsibilities during the sample collection session:



  1. The right to have an athlete representative
  2. The right to have an interpreter if available
  3. The right to ask for additional information about the sample collection process
  4. The right to request for modification (athletes with impairments)
  5. The right to request for process adjustment (minor athletes)
  6. The right to ask for permission to delay in reporting to the doping control station (as determined by the Doping Control Officer)



  1. Remain within a continuous observation of the Doping Control Officer (DCO) or the Chaperone at all times from the point initial contact is made by the DCO or Chaperone until the completion of the sample collection procedure
  2. Provide the first sample after the notification. It should be witnessed by the doping control officer or chaperone. (with same gender as athlete)
  3. Present your ID to verify your identity
  4. Head Directly to the Doping Control Station
  5. Comply with the sample collection procedures


Minor Athletes’ Right

  1. Minor athletes are required to be accompanied by an athlete’s representative at all times during the sample collection process including providing samples and completing documents.
  2. Minor Athletes have a right to stay with the representative at the Doping Control Station.
  3.  A DCO or Chaperone is not allowed to stay with a athlete alone
  4. An athlete representative will not witness the passing of the sample, but will observe the witnessing DCO or Chaperone.
  5. For out-of-competition testing, a DCO is unable to enter the athlete's house where the minor stay alone.


Principle of Strict Liability:

The rule which provides that under Article 2.1 and Article 2.2, it is not necessary that intent, Fault, Negligence, or knowing Use on the Athlete’s part be demonstrated by the Anti-Doping Organization in order to establish an Anti-Doping rule violation.

Meaning that the athlete is the only person responsible for what is found in his/her system



Anyone, who has witnessed the use or attempted use of a prohibited substance;

knows the purchaser or possessor of a prohibited substance;

knows the athlete support personnel who tempted athletes to use prohibited substances or methods; or

has suspicious information can report to your ADO with utmost confidentiality or contact us at:



The intrinsic value of sport, often called “the spirit of sport” is the ethical pursuit of excellence through the dedicated perfection of each athlete’s natural talents. Clean sport is an environment where the health of athletes is protected and where they are provided with the opportunity to pursue high level performance without the use of prohibited substances and prohibited methods.

In doing so, clean sport protects the spirit of sport, which is the celebration of its spirit, body and mind and is reflected in the values we find in and through sport, including:

  • Health
  • Ethics, fair play, and honesty
  • Athletes’ rights
  • Excellence in performance
  • Character and Education
  • Fun and joy
  • Teamwork
  • Dedication and commitment
  • Respect for rules and laws
  • Respect for self and other participants
  • Courage
  • Community and solidarity

Anti-Doping’ programs aim to achieve and maintain a clean sport environment.